Online Google Dictionary

abrasive 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Adjective
/əˈbrāsiv/,/-ziv/,
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(of a substance or material) Capable of polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding,
  1. (of a substance or material) Capable of polishing or cleaning a hard surface by rubbing or grinding

  2. Tending to rub or graze the skin
    • - the trees were abrasive to the touch
  3. (of sounds or music) Rough to the ear; harsh
    • - fast abrasive rhythms
  4. (of a person or manner) Showing little concern for the feelings of others; harsh
    • - her abrasive and arrogant personal style won her few friends
Noun
  1. A substance used for grinding, polishing, or cleaning a hard surface


  1. a substance that abrades or wears down
  2. causing abrasion
  3. harsh: sharply disagreeable; rigorous; "the harsh facts of court delays"; "an abrasive character"
  4. (abrasiveness) harshness: the roughness of a substance that causes abrasions
  5. (abrasiveness) the quality of being sharply disagreeable
  6. An abrasive is a material, often a mineral, that is used to shape or finish a workpiece through rubbing which leads to part of the workpiece being worn away. ...
  7. Abrasive is the debut album by Puddle of Mudd, released in 1997 on Hardknocks Records. The album is extremely rare as it was only released with limited distribution. The band had said that if they ever get the chance, they would like to re-release this album.
  8. A substance or material such as sandpaper, pumice, or emery, used for cleaning, smoothing, or polishing; Producing abrasion; rough enough to wear away the outer surface; Being rough and coarse in manner or disposition
  9. (abrasively) In an abrasive manner; in a rude and unkind manner; acting in a way that may hurt other people's feelings; Hardly; roughly; in a rough manner
  10. (Abrasiveness) Applied to inks, refers to the hardness of the pigment particles.
  11. (Abrasiveness) Measure of the roughness due to the kaolin particle shape and size and the presence of quartz.
  12. (Abrasiveness) The tendency of a paper, paper coating, or ink to abrade or dull die edges, slitting blades, and printing plates due to friction.
  13. (Abrasives) Used in polishes to mechanically remove oxidation and smooth the edges of fine scratches and swirl marks thereby reducing or removing their appearance.  Abrasives used are made of aluminum silicate or kaolin clay. ...
  14. (Abrasives) Materials for grinding, polishing, blasting, either in loose form or bonded to form wheels, bricks, or files, or applied to paper and cloth by glue or resin. Natural abrasives include emery, corundum, garnet, sand, flint, etc. ...
  15. (ABRASIVES) These are substances that can be carefully chosen and blended into medical cosmetic products to smooth or polish the surface of the skin essentially by wearing away imperfections.
  16. (Abrasives) Are used in products such as Cream Cleansers and are for the cleaning of stubborn or resistant marks. These materials may scratch soft surfaces.
  17. (Abrasives) Gritty or rough substances, which are added to soap to help scrub away dirt or dead outer skin cells. Also helps remove excess oils from skin. Also considered an exfoliant. Avoid with delicate or dry skin types.
  18. (Abrasives) Harsh materials used in various sizes of grit to wear away the surfaces of softer materials; in jewellery often pumice or corundum applied as a paste or mounted on papers and cloths to smooth the surface of metals prior to polishing.
  19. (Abrasives) Rough, hard materials (usually powders, grits or stones) in various forms such as sandpaper, grinding wheels, or grinding discs, used to smooth or clean surfaces or to sharpen and hone edge tools. ...
  20. (Abrasives) Substances used cosmetically to refine or eliminate dead surface skin cells.
  21. (Abrasives) The most frequently used are calcium carbonate (chalk) and, in toothpaste, di-calcium phosphate dihydrate.
  22. (Abrasives) These are the materials like carborundum, emery paper or cloth and red flint used for buffing or scouring soles, heels etc, of footwear.
  23. (Abrasives) sandpaper, sanding screens, diamond grinding wheels, wire brushes, scouring powders, etc. are all used to “degloss” or abrade surfaces to provide “tooth” or a mechanical bond as well as to insure surfaces are clean and sound prior to coating application. ...
  24. (abrasives) small round particles which are added to cosmetic products to eliminate materials on the skin's surface, to help in the mechanical cleaning of the teeth and improve their shine. A substance's abrasive capacity is determined by the particles' hardness, size and shape.
  25. Abrasives can be a paste, powder or cream product that uses the action of rubbing and scratching to remove dirt particles. Abrasives are used mainly for cleaning enamel and ceramic sanitary ware (toilet, bidet). Abrasives should not be over-used as they can damage surfaces.