Online Google Dictionary

burden 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Verb
/ˈbərdn/,
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burdens, plural;
  1. Load heavily
    • - she walked forward burdened with a wooden box
  2. Cause (someone) hardship or distress
    • - they were not yet burdened with adult responsibility
Noun
  1. A load, esp. a heavy one

  2. A duty or misfortune that causes hardship, anxiety, or grief; a nuisance
    • - the burden of mental illness
  3. The main responsibility for achieving a specified aim or task
    • - the burden of establishing that the cost was unreasonable
  4. A ship's carrying capacity; tonnage
    • - the schooner Wyoming, of about 6,000 tons burden
  5. The main theme or gist of a speech, book, or argument
    • - the burden of his views
  6. The refrain or chorus of a song


  1. an onerous or difficult concern; "the burden of responsibility"; "that's a load off my mind"
  2. weight down with a load
  3. charge: impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to; "He charged her with cleaning up all the files over the weekend"
  4. load: weight to be borne or conveyed
  5. effect: the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
  6. the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse
  7. In music, the burden is an archaic term for the drone or base in some musical instruments, and the pipe or part that plays it, such as a bagpipe or pedal point in an organ. Burden also refers to a part of a song that is repeated at the end of each stanza, i.e. the chorus or refrain.
  8. "Burden" is the third single from the album Watershed by the Swedish progressive death metal band Opeth. It was released on 9 December 2008 through Roadrunner Records. The song was written by Mikael Åkerfeldt. ...
  9. The Burden is a novel written by Agatha Christie and first published in the UK by Heinemann in November 12, 1956. Initially not published in the US, it was later issued as a paperback by Dell Publishing in September 1963. ...
  10. Burdens is a debut album of the Portuguese Gothic metal band Ava Inferi. It was released in January 2006 by Season of Mist.
  11. Theme, core idea; A heavy load; A responsibility, onus; A cause of worry; To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word)
  12. (BURDENED) the vessel which gives way, the give-way vessel
  13. (Burdens) Extreme ideas or feelings that are carried by parts and govern their lives. Parts accrue burdens from exposure to an external person or event.
  14. To dream that you carry a heavy burden, signifies that you will be tied down by oppressive weights of care and injustice, caused from favoritism shown your enemies by those in power. But to struggle free from it, you will climb to the topmost heights of success.
  15. In current or potential transformers burden in VA is the maximum load the transformer can support while operating within its accuracy rating.
  16. A frequently used term with two meanings, usually evident from the context:
  17. The morbidity and mortality impact of malaria. In the document, the text will refer to either the morbidity or mortality burden.
  18. the choric line or lines that signal the end or the beginning of a stanza in a carol or hymn.
  19. Overhead expenses distributed over appropriate direct labor and/or material base. See also Indirect Costs. For projects, the burden includes all costs not directly associated with tasks, such as project management costs.
  20. The blast furnace charge, consisting of iron-oxide bearing materials and fluxes.
  21. The impact or consequence of having the responsibility of caring for someone (most frequently with dementia).
  22. (in the Statistics window) number which estimates the average number of items that have to be repeated daily:
  23. Term used to designate the metal charge for a melting furnace. It is also used in cost accounting to indicate certain additional charges to be included in assessing costs in the different areas.
  24. (1.) A load of any kind (Exo 23:5). (2.) A severe task (Exo 2:11). (3.) A difficult duty, requiring effort (Exo 18:22). (4.) A prophecy of a calamitous or disastrous nature (Isa 13:1; Isa 17:1; Hab 1:1, etc.).
  25. (also "burthen") a recurring line after each verse of a song. It may be sense or nonsense syllables ("To me right fol diddle..."). It is more often called refrain or chorus. ...