Online Google Dictionary

draft 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Adjective
/draft/,
Font size:

drafts, plural; draughts, plural;
  1. Denoting beer or other drink that is kept in and served from a barrel or tank rather than from a bottle or can
    • - draft beer
  2. Denoting an animal used for pulling heavy loads
    • - draft oxen
Verb
  1. Prepare a preliminary version of (a text)
    • - I drafted a letter of resignation
  2. Select (a person or group of people) for a certain purpose
    • - he was drafted to help with the task force on best safety practices
  3. Conscript (someone) for military service

  4. Select (a player) for a sports team through the draft

  5. Pull or draw

  6. Benefit from reduced wind resistance by driving very closely behind another vehicle

Noun
  1. A preliminary version of a piece of writing
    • - the first draft of the party's manifesto
    • - a draft document
  2. A plan, sketch, or rough drawing

  3. A mode of operation of a printer in which text is produced rapidly but with relatively low definition

  4. Compulsory recruitment for military service
    • - 25 million men were subject to the draft
    • - draft cards
  5. A procedure whereby new or existing sports players are made available for selection or reselection by the teams in a league, usually with the earlier choices being given to the weaker teams

  6. A group or individual selected from a larger group for a special duty, e.g., for military service

  7. A current of cool air in a room or other confined space
    • - heavy curtains at the windows cut out drafts
  8. The action or act of pulling something along, esp. a vehicle or farm implement

  9. A written order to pay a specified sum; a check

  10. A single act of drinking or inhaling
    • - she downed the remaining beer in one draft
  11. The amount swallowed or inhaled in one such act
    • - he took deep drafts of oxygen into his lungs
  12. The depth of water needed to float a ship
    • - the shallow draft enabled her to get close to shore
  13. The drawing in of a fishing net

  14. The fish taken at one drawing; a catch


  1. a document ordering the payment of money; drawn by one person or bank on another
  2. draw up an outline or sketch for something; "draft a speech"
  3. a current of air (usually coming into a chimney or room or vehicle)
  4. enlist: engage somebody to enter the army
  5. a preliminary sketch of a design or picture
  6. blueprint: make a blueprint of
  7. A cheque or check (American English) is a piece of paper (usually) that orders a payment of money. The person writing the cheque, the drawer, usually has a chequing account where their money is deposited. ...
  8. Draft (as related to a fire-tube boiler) is the flow of combustion products going from the firebox, through the boiler and up the stack. Draft may be natural, produced by the rising of the combustion gases in the stack, or by mechanical means, for example a blower. ...
  9. Conscription is the compulsory enrollment of people to some sort of public service. While the service may be of any sort associated with the public, the term typically refers to enlistment in a country's military., Merriam-Webster Online. ...
  10. In engineering, draft is the amount of taper for molded or cast parts perpendicular to the parting line. It can be measured in degrees or mm/mm (in/in).
  11. A draft horse (US), draught horse (UK) or dray horse (from the Anglo-Saxon dragan meaning to draw or haul; compare Dutch dragen meaning to carry), less often called a heavy horse, is a large horse bred for hard, heavy tasks such as ploughing and farm labour. ...
  12. The draft (or draught) of a ship's hull is the vertical distance between the waterline and the bottom of the hull (keel), with the thickness of the hull included; in the case of not being included the draft outline would be obtained. ...
  13. (drafting) The act or process of producing a technical drawing, or draft; The art of producing technical drawings; A profession, usually related to making technical drawings for architecture, engineering, or manufacturing; The practice among ground vehicle drivers of following in a close line to ...
  14. (Drafted) (c/f ruled) - circular stonework with separate flat tooled margins.
  15. (DRAFTING) hand drawn, "mechanical" drawings including cabinetry, elevations, floor plans, reflected ceiling plans and architectural details
  16. (Drafting) A fast-moving car creates a low-pressure area behind it, causing the air to try to move with the car. A car following behind can take advantage of this low pressure as it actually sucks the car along faster, known as "being in the slipstream. ...
  17. (Drafting) Tucking in closely behind another rider so he/she'll break the wind, therefore saving you energy.
  18. (Drafting) Riding closely behind another rider, which creates a slipstream, or air pocket. The lead rider expends up to 30 percent more energy than the following rider does
  19. (Drafting) the pulling of water from a source other than accepting water from a hydrant or other fire apparatus (ex., ponds, swimming pools, cisterns, etc.). Most TFD apparatus only use drafting for pump test.
  20. (drafting) to ride closely behind another rider to make maximum use of their slipstream; reduces wind resistance and effort required to ride at the same speed
  21. (drafting) pulling out fibres to the required thickness during spinning. When using short-draw, the fibres are drafted before they are allowed to twist. In long-draw, the twist is allowed into the drafting zone and helps to draft out the fibres in a more random alignment.
  22. (Drafting) A driving technique, typically used in racing, where one car closely follows another in order to drive without wind resistance, this being done by the lead car. This allows a driver to match the speed of the lead car without using as much of the engine's power and therefore saving fuel.
  23. (Drafting) A phenomena where two cars running nose to tail together can move faster than an individual vehicle.
  24. (Drafting) A process which reduces the linear density of an assembly of fibres. Drafting typically occurs in the early stages of producing yarns from staple fibres.
  25. (Drafting) A stage of the writing process in which the student writes in sentences and paragraphs, following their prewriting plan. This is the first draft of a composition.