Online Google Dictionary

duties 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Noun
/ˈd(y)o͞otē/,
Font size:

duties, plural;
  1. A moral or legal obligation; a responsibility
    • - it's my duty to uphold the law
    • - she was determined to do her duty as a citizen
    • - a strong sense of duty
  2. (of a visit or other undertaking) Done from a sense of moral obligation rather than for pleasure
    • - a fifteen-minute duty visit
  3. A task or action that someone is required to perform
    • - the queen's official duties
    • - your duties will include sweeping the switchboard
    • - Juliet reported for duty
  4. Military service
    • - combat duty in the army
  5. (of a person) Engaged in their regular work
    • - a duty nurse
  6. Performance of prescribed church services by a priest or minister
    • - he was willing to take Sunday duties
  7. A payment due and enforced by law or custom, in particular

  8. A payment levied on the import, export, manufacture, or sale of goods
    • - a 6 percent duty on imports
    • - goods subject to excise duty
  9. The measure of an engine's effectiveness in units of work done per unit of fuel


  1. (duty) the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force; "we must instill a sense of duty in our children"; "every right implies a responsibility; every opportunity, an obligation; every possession, a duty"- John D.Rockefeller Jr
  2. (duty) work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons; "the duties of the job"
  3. (duty) a government tax on imports or exports; "they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries"
  4. Duty (from "due," that which is owing, O. Fr. deu, did, past participle of devoir; Lat. debere, debitum; cf. "debt") is a term that conveys a sense of moral commitment to someone or something. ...
  5. (Duty (economics)) In economics, a duty is a kind of tax, often associated with customs, a payment due to the revenue of a state, levied by force of law. It is a tax on certain items purchased abroad. ...
  6. (Duty (tort law)) In tort law, a duty of care (or delict in Scots law) is a legal obligation imposed on an individual requiring that they adhere to a standard of reasonable care while performing any acts that could foreseeably harm others. ...
  7. (Duty (village)) Duty (Ду́тый, also known as "Дуты" or "Дутово") is a village (selo) in the southern part of Khiloksky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located at the confluence of the Duty and Arey Rivers, away from Khilok.
  8. (Duty(Ayumi Hamasaki)) Duty is the third full-length studio album by Ayumi Hamasaki, as well as being her best-selling studio album to date, with over 2.9 million copies sold. ...
  9. (dutie) Obsolete spelling of duty
  10. (duty) That which one is morally or legally obligated to do; A period of time spent at work or doing a particular task; describing a workload as to its idle, working and de-energized periods; A tax placed on imports or exports; a tariff; One's due, something one is owed; a debt or fee
  11. (Duty) A tax imposed on imports by the customs authority of a country.
  12. (Duty) A tax imposed on imports by the customs authority of a country. Duties are generally based on the value of the goods (ad valorem duties), some other factor such as weight or quantity (specific duties) or a combination of value and other factors (compound duties).
  13. (Duty) A tax imposed by a government on merchandise imported from another country.
  14. (Duty) you may be required to pay import duty if you are bringing goods into the UK. There is no duty on goods that are in free circulation (see Free circulation) within the EU.
  15. (Duty (or Stamp Duty)) A State Government tax on financial transactions. For the purchase of real estate, it is calculated according to the property value. It also applies to the amount of the mortgage.
  16. (Duty) a tax levied by a government on the import, export, use or consumption of goods.
  17. (Duty) A tax levied on importation.
  18. (Duty) a legal obligation to do or refrain from doing something.
  19. (Duty) an obligation. Something that people are expected to observe.
  20. (1. duty) something that must be done because of legal or moral duty
  21. (DUTY) (a) ad valorem duty means an assessed amount at a certain percentage rate on the monetary value of an import. (b) Specific duty: an assessment on the weight or quantity of an article without preference to its monetary value or market price. ...
  22. (DUTY) All the actions (tasks, sub-tasks, etc.) required by one's position or occupation.
  23. (DUTY) Belief, Discipline, Honour, Idealism, Obedience, Patriotism, Responsibility.
  24. (DUTY) The load carrying capacity, operating speed and other technical data defining the operational capabilities of an elevator, dumbwaiter, etc.