Online Google Dictionary

excuse 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Verb
/ikˈskyo͞oz/,
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excused, past tense; excused, past participle; excusing, present participle; excuses, 3rd person singular present;
  1. Attempt to lessen the blame attaching to (a fault or offense); seek to defend or justify
    • - he did nothing to hide or excuse Jacob's cruelty
  2. Forgive (someone) for a fault or offense
    • - you must excuse my sister
    • - he could be excused for feeling that he was born at the wrong time
  3. Overlook or forgive (a fault or offense)
    • - sit down—excuse the mess
  4. (of a fact or circumstance) Serve in mitigation of (a person or act)
    • - his ability excuses most of his faults
  5. Release (someone) from a duty or requirement
    • - it will not be possible to excuse you from jury duty
  6. (used in polite formulas) Allow (someone) to leave a room or gathering
    • - now, if you'll excuse us, we have to be getting along
  7. Say politely that one is leaving

  8. (used esp. by school pupils) Be allowed to leave the room, esp. to go to the bathroom
    • - please, can I be excused?
Noun
  1. A reason or explanation put forward to defend or justify a fault or offense
    • - there can be no possible excuse for any further delay
    • - no one will have the excuse that they didn’t know
  2. A reason put forward to conceal the real reason for an action; a pretext
    • - they use their hunting as an excuse to get away from the womenfolk
  3. A poor or inadequate example of
    • - that pathetic excuse for a man!

  1. accept an excuse for; "Please excuse my dirty hands"
  2. a defense of some offensive behavior or some failure to keep a promise etc.; "he kept finding excuses to stay"; "every day he had a new alibi for not getting a job"; "his transparent self-justification was unacceptable"
  3. a note explaining an absence; "he had to get his mother to write an excuse for him"
  4. grant exemption or release to; "Please excuse me from this class"
  5. apology: a poor example; "it was an apology for a meal"; "a poor excuse for an automobile"
  6. serve as a reason or cause or justification of; "Your need to sleep late does not excuse your late arrival at work"; "Her recent divorce may explain her reluctance to date again"
  7. apologize: defend, explain, clear away, or make excuses for by reasoning; "rationalize the child's seemingly crazy behavior"; "he rationalized his lack of success"
  8. ask for permission to be released from an engagement
  9. excuse, overlook, or make allowances for; be lenient with; "excuse someone's behavior"; "She condoned her husband's occasional infidelities"
  10. (excusable) capable of being overlooked
  11. (excusable) easily excused or forgiven; "a venial error"
  12. In jurisprudence, an excuse or justification is a defense to criminal charges that is distinct from an exculpation. In this context, "to excuse" means to grant or obtain an exemption for a group of persons sharing a common characteristic from a potential liability. ...
  13. An explanation designed to avoid or alleviate guilt or negative judgment; To forgive; to pardon; To allow to leave; To provide an excuse for; to explain, with the aim of alleviating guilt or negative judgement
  14. (excusation) The act of offering an excuse or apology, or the fact of being excused; an excuse, a defence
  15. (Excuses) By far the most over-used excuse--"I don't have enough time." What you're really saying is "I'm not willing to make it a priority." 2B Athletes are honest about what they're willing to make a priority in their lives.
  16. (Excuses) Justifications that the brain uses to convince you that you have a really good reason why you are feeling the emotions or why you are not happy or fulfilled. ...
  17. (Excuses) The "reasons" people typically give as "justifications" for why they failed in the past.
  18. (Excuses) Your abuser rationalizes what he or she has done. The person may come up with a string of excuses or blame you for the abusive behavior—anything to avoid taking responsibility.
  19. (Excusal) A course infraction for which the judge immediately excuses the dog and handler from the ring.
  20. n. means to explain poor result in rally, or ditching or similar manouevres
  21. The explanation for the performance or nonperformance of a particular act; a reason alleged in court as a basis for exemption or relief from guilt.
  22. A Judge’s decision to end the run because the dog is attacking or attempting to attack the stock
  23. n. A statement which serves as evidence of a guilty conscience.
  24. v. to take away blame; to pardon; to forgive; n. a reason (sometimes false) for an action
  25. the speaker acknowledges that the behavior is wrong and gives a reason for his or her action