Online Google Dictionary

external 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Adjective
/ikˈstərnl/,
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Belonging to or forming the outer surface or structure of something,
  1. Belonging to or forming the outer surface or structure of something
    • - the external walls
  2. Relating to or denoting a medicine or similar substance for use on the outside of the body
    • - for external application only
  3. Coming or derived from a source outside the subject affected
    • - for many people the church was a symbol of external authority
  4. Coming from or relating to a foreign country or an outside institution
    • - responsibility for defense and external affairs
  5. Existing outside the mind
    • - the child learns to form conceptions of the external world
  6. (of hardware) Not contained in the main computer; peripheral

  7. (of storage) Using a disk or tape drive rather than the main memory

Noun
  1. The outward features of something
    • - the place has all the appropriate externals, such as chimneys choked with ivy and windows with jasmine
  2. Features which are only superficial; inessentials


  1. happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface; "the external auditory canal"; "external pressures"
  2. outward features; "he enjoyed the solemn externals of religion"
  3. coming from the outside; "extraneous light in the camera spoiled the photograph"; "relying upon an extraneous income"; "disdaining outside pressure groups"
  4. from or between other countries; "external commerce"; "international trade"; "developing nations need outside help"
  5. purely outward or superficial; "external composure"; "an external concern for reputation"- A.R.Gurney,Jr.
  6. (externally) on or from the outside; "the candidate needs to be externally evaluated"
  7. In economics, an externality (or transaction spillover) is a cost or benefit, not transmitted through prices , incurred by a party who did not agree to the action causing the cost or benefit. ...
  8. The term external is useful for describing certain algebraic structures. The term comes from the concept of an external binary operation which is a binary operation that draws from some external set. ...
  9. The Externals were a fictional group of X-Men antagonists and subspecies of mutants.
  10. (externalness) The state or quality of being external
  11. When a thesaurus is imported, it is flagged to ”external” which means that users are not allowed to edit the thesaurus. This thesaurus is managed by an external organisation.
  12. The functions and subroutines you write or obtain from application libraries. The opposite is INTRINSIC. When external functions or subroutines are used as actual parameters at the reference of another subprogram they have to be specified as EXTERNAL.
  13. the location of illnesses such as fevers and skin eruptions / on the surface of the body
  14. Link - a symbolic link to a specific URL
  15. n. A function or variable which is referred to, but not defined, by some source file (or object module). Often shows up in the error message ``undefined external'' printed by a linker when a definition cannot be found.
  16. External mode is distance education. Students receive course materials and submit assignments by mail or online and do not attend a campus.
  17. ego, Id, Thing, I:1.8, I:1.11, E3:De.VI:175, E4:Axi:191, Gas
  18. adjective, Latin externus = outward, hence, further from the inside.
  19. Situated or occurring on the outside, many anatomical structures formerly called external are now more correctly termed lateral
  20. all requirements for the degree or other award must be capable of completion through examination, without formal classroom study at the institution.
  21. An input information source or output information destination that is outside the scope of this standard and, therefore, may or may not exist.  [IEEE Stds Glossary]
  22. Exposure to uncertainty affecting the community (ies) served by the college or university.
  23. Gear pump: a positive displacement pump. Two spur gears are housed in one casing with close clearance. Liquid is trapped between the gear tooth spaces and the casing, the rotation of the gears pumps the liquid. ...
  24. Study not conducted on campus. The symbol designating the external mode of study is 'X' (e.g. X1).
  25. (usage: external style). Emphasizing the use of muscle power and muscle-generated speed. Shaolin is generally considered to be an external art.