Online Google Dictionary

initiative 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Noun
/iˈniSH(ē)ətiv/,
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initiatives, plural;
  1. The ability to assess and initiate things independently
    • - use your initiative, imagination, and common sense
  2. The power or opportunity to act or take charge before others do
    • - we have lost the initiative and allowed our opponents to dictate the subject
  3. An act or strategy intended to resolve a difficulty or improve a situation; a fresh approach to something
    • - a new initiative against car crime
  4. A proposal made by one nation to another in an attempt to improve relations
    • - diplomatic initiatives to end the war
    • - a peace initiative aimed at reducing tensions
  5. (esp. in some US states and Switzerland) The right of citizens outside the legislature to originate legislation


  1. enterprise: readiness to embark on bold new ventures
  2. inaugural: serving to set in motion; "the magazine's inaugural issue"; "the initiative phase in the negotiations"; "an initiatory step toward a treaty"; "his first (or maiden) speech in Congress"; "the liner's maiden voyage"
  3. first step: the first of a series of actions
  4. The Initiative is a fictional secret government organization in the television series, Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel.
  5. Initiative in a chess position belongs to the player who can make threats that cannot be ignored. He thus puts his opponent in the position of having to use his turns responding to threats rather than making his own. ...
  6. The Fifty State Initiative, often referred to as simply The Initiative, is a fictional governmental plan that appears in the Marvel Comics universe. Its purpose is to provide a superhero team in every state of the United States after the conclusion of Civil War.
  7. An initiative represents an enterprise's readiness to embark on a new venture. Generally speaking, the motivation for an initiative arises from a desire to accomplish something that would benefit the enterprise, such as improving productivity, reducing costs or increasing market share.
  8. In role-playing games and some table-top wargames, a character's initiative is a statistic (either derived or not) which determines the order in which player characters take actions, especially during combat or other forms of conflict resolution.
  9. A beginning; a first move; A new development; a fresh approach to something; a new way of dealing with a problem; The ability to act first or on one's own; An issue to be voted on, brought to the ballot by a sufficient number of signatures from among the voting public; In which voter initiatives ...
  10. (Initiatives) A text box on the Add Project screen. This is where you can include some or all of the actions to be taken to complete a project. You can base these initiatives on the project's tasks.
  11. (Initiatives) Avoiding Dangerous Climate Change · Land Allocation Decision Support System
  12. (Initiatives) Intentionally-designed activities that include a task and a specific objective for groups. ...
  13. (Initiatives) Surgical Care Improvement Project areas of focus include surgical site infections, adverse cardiac events, proper use of &#946-blockers, and prevention of deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism; National Quality Assurance Program initiated by Department of Veterans Affairs; ...
  14. (Initiatives) What we will do.  Initiatives represent achievable actions that we will take to operationalize the institution's themes.
  15. An amendment to the State Constitution proposed by a number of electors. An initiative is accomplished by filing with the Secretary of State a petition containing a copy of the amendment proposed which has been signed by a specified number of electors.
  16. A public policy question that is initiated by the people, usually by petition, and decided by the people at the ballot box.
  17. Brands always love to be the "first to market" with any idea. One way to do this is to start an initiative. Do something great for the environment or kids and the brand will gain some legitimacy PLUS gain massive amounts of free PR.
  18. A term used to describe a situation where one player has relative freedom to build his position or attack the opponent as he chooses, while the other player is reduced to making forced plays and trying to stave off disaster. The first player is said to have the initiative.
  19. Identifies opportunities and is pro-active in putting forward ideas and potential solutions.
  20. A method of legislating that requires a vote of the people instead of a vote of the Legislature for a measure to become law. ...
  21. Ability to begin or to follow through energetically with a plan or task
  22. A primary consideration governing the process of composition, such as the metre selected for a poem; taken from Coleridge.
  23. A procedure by which the general public may present and require consideration of legislative proposals.
  24. “activity or set of activities aimed at modifying a process, course of action or sequence of events, in order to change one or several of its characteristics such as performance or expected outcome.” Also called an “intervention.” (WHO)
  25. Citizen petition of a measure put on the ballot.