Online Google Dictionary

paradigm 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Noun
/ˈparəˌdīm/,
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paradigms, plural;
  1. A typical example or pattern of something; a model
    • - there is a new paradigm for public art in this country
  2. A worldview underlying the theories and methodology of a particular scientific subject
    • - the discovery of universal gravitation became the paradigm of successful science
  3. A set of linguistic items that form mutually exclusive choices in particular syntactic roles
    • - English determiners form a paradigm: we can say “a book” or “his book” but not “a his book.”
  4. (in the traditional grammar of Latin, Greek, and other inflected languages) A table of all the inflected forms of a particular verb, noun, or adjective, serving as a model for other words of the same conjugation or declension


  1. systematic arrangement of all the inflected forms of a word
  2. prototype: a standard or typical example; "he is the prototype of good breeding"; "he provided America with an image of the good father"
  3. substitution class: the class of all items that can be substituted into the same position (or slot) in a grammatical sentence (are in paradigmatic relation with one another)
  4. the generally accepted perspective of a particular discipline at a given time; "he framed the problem within the psychoanalytic paradigm"
  5. The word paradigm refers to a dynamic field or "world" of concepts --such that it represents a union between intelligent inquiry and some particular kind of world view. The term has been used in linguistics and science to describe distinct concepts. ...
  6. Paradigm is a fictional mutant character in the Marvel Comics Universe, created for their comic book series X-Force. His first appearance was in X-Force #87.
  7. A programming paradigm is a fundamental style of computer programming. (Compare with a methodology, which is a style of solving specific software engineering problems. ...
  8. Paradigm is a comic book series by Matthew Cashel and Jeremy Haun.
  9. is a Japanese publishing company headquartered in Suginami, Tokyo Prefecture, Japan. The company mainly publishes novels based on adult visual novel video games.
  10. (Paradigms) Logical systems made up of theories and research techniques which reflect a predominant way of thinking about a particular topic.
  11. (Paradigms) A paradigm is a state of mind or predisposition to an accepted idea that forms a mental image of how the world or any system in it works, providing the model that allows us to make predictions while also inhibiting freethinking or the recognition of truly new ideas. ...
  12. (paradigms) Overarching models of the world that shape our worldviews and guide our interpretation of how things are.
  13. A set of assumptions that are so widespread in a particular society that people hardly notice they think that way. A paradigm shift is a change in a paradigm - often not noticed till it's well under way. ...
  14. Paradigm is an extra fancy word for "model." A paradigm shift means moving from one model to a new one, generally in a grand, expensive, and ultimately disastrous manner. If I had a pair of dimes for every time I've heard this one...
  15. A conceptual model that is used by an intellectual discipline to understand complex phenomena. A paradigm includes assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that determine how something is understood. New paradigms develop when observations cannot be explained by current assumptions and beliefs.
  16. "A paradigm is an accepted model or pattern, . . . Paradigms gain their status because they are more successful than their competitors in solving a few problems that the group of practitioners has come to recognize as acute. ...
  17. (1) (Mertens, 2003). A conceptual model of a person’s worldview, complete with the assumptions that are associated with that view. ...
  18. An exemplary instance or model; hence, also, a set of background assumptions. Thus, a "paradigm case" argument shows that an adequate philosophical analysis must conform to the most ordinary applications of what it analyzes. ...
  19. A paradigm is a list of all the possible grammatical forms of a word. It is usually arranged in a table, so that you can easily look up the forms that you need to translate.
  20. A model or pattern that an individual or group uses in trying to understand something. Present-day biblical scholars usually name and describe the paradigm they are using when presenting their results or opinions. ...
  21. (n) a way of viewing the world about us. Occasionally new discoveries are made which require a paradigm shift, or a new way of looking at the world. Such shifts are initially rejected by the masses but eventually are accepted. ...
  22. An example, model, outstandingly clear or typical example
  23. A set of assumptions and/or presuppositions that prescribe a way of looking at things.
  24. an example, a particular mental set of particulars.In science it refers to a set of tacit assumptions and beliefs within which research goes on. An dynamic working example.
  25. A world view, a model or pattern, a mental framework for thinking, for organizing information, and for understanding and explaining reality.