Online Google Dictionary

penalty 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Noun
/ˈpenltē/,
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penalties, plural;
  1. A punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract
    • - the charge carries a maximum penalty of ten years' imprisonment
  2. A disadvantage or unpleasant experience suffered as the result of an action or circumstance
    • - the cold never leaves my bones these days—one of the penalties of age
  3. (in sports and games) A disadvantage or handicap imposed on a player or team, typically for infringement of rules

  4. A kick or shot awarded to a team because of a serious infringement of the rules by an opponent

  5. Points won by the defenders when a declarer fails to make the contract


  1. punishment: the act of punishing
  2. a payment required for not fulfilling a contract
  3. the disadvantage or painful consequences of an action or condition; "neglected his health and paid the penalty"
  4. (games) a handicap or disadvantage that is imposed on a competitor (or a team) for an infraction of the rules of the game
  5. In American football and Canadian football, a penalty is a sanction called against a team for a violation of the rules, called a foul. Officials initially signal penalties by tossing a bright yellow colored "penalty flag" onto the field toward or at the spot of a foul. ...
  6. Penalty is a Brazilian sports manufacturer. Currently they are sponsoring the Brazilian Basketball National Team, the Brazilian Handball National Team, the Paraná Clube and the Fortaleza Esporte Clube, among others. The company also sponsors clubs, national teams and confederations abroad.
  7. Penal damages are best seen as quantitatively excessive liquidated damages and are invalid under the common law. ...
  8. A penalty kick (or penalty) is a type of free kick in association football, taken from twelve yards (approximately eleven metres) out from goal and with only the goalkeeper of the defending team between the penalty taker and the goal.
  9. In the sport of golf, a penalty or penalty stroke is an additional stroke or strokes added to a player's score for an infraction of the rules. In match play, rather than adding strokes, the usual penalty is loss of the hole except for penalties assessed for relief from a hazard or a lost ball.
  10. A penalty in ice hockey is a punishment for inappropriate behaviour. Most penalties are enforced by detaining the offending player within a penalty box for a set number of minutes during which the player can not participate in play. ...
  11. A legal sentence; A punishment for violating rules of procedure; A payment forfeited for an early withdrawal from an account or an investment; A direct free kick from the penalty spot, taken after a defensive foul in the penalty box; A punishment for an infraction of the rules, often in the ...
  12. (PENALTIES) Extra weight a horse must carry, especially in a handicap.
  13. (Penalties) A payment provided for under ERISA which a court may require an insurance company to pay if the insurance company, among other things, fails to provide a claimant with requested documents that are relevant to the insurance company’s decision on the claim.
  14. (Penalties) Additional charges assessed against taxpayers who do not pay their taxes when due. Our tax system is based on "Pay as You Go". This means that if you earn wages, taxes must be withheld in the proper amount at source when the wages are paid. ...
  15. (Penalties) Amounts taxpayers or registrants must pay if they fail to file returns or remit or pay amounts owing on time, or if they try to evade paying or remitting the tax by not filing returns. ...
  16. (Penalties) Conviction for operating under the influence will result in fines of up to $2,500 on the first offense, $2,500 on the second offense and $5,000 for the third offense.
  17. (Penalties) Costs that may be incurred if the borrower repays the loan too early or switches between lenders.
  18. (Penalties) Eligible individuals who do not enroll in Part D and who do not maintain coverage equal to Medicare Part D for 63 days will face a 1% premium penalty if they later decide to enroll in Medicare Part D.
  19. (Penalties) For tax purposes, amounts that the IRS may assess at a statutory rate as an addition to a tax deficiency and interest. ...
  20. (Penalties) If downtime or performance service levels are not met, negotiate penalties and escalation clauses. Rather than credits, money back is preferable, in terms of your negotiating leverage and pressure on the provider, because no vendor likes to have to give money back, once booked.
  21. (Penalties) In light of an agreement between the Parties regarding payment at a date other than the Order date, the late payment of any amount owed by the Client to SYSNEXT beyond the expected date agreed upon between the Parties will, by right, lead to the immediate payability of any ...
  22. (Penalties) In the event that Subtenant or Occupant fails to move out on the Sublease Expiration Date, Subtenant or Occupant agrees to pay a rate of $200 per night for each and every night that Subtenant or Occupant did not vacate the Apartment. ...
  23. (Penalties) Leaseholder loses car keys or documents, doesn't return a full fuel tank, makes a car accident and the faulty is not found, the leaseholder pays a determined fine which is written at the contract.
  24. (Penalties) My minimum penalty for a first offense is twice the value of the assignment or exam. Thus if you cheat on any part of an assignment that is worth a total of 60 points, your maximum score for that assignment will be -60. ...
  25. (Penalties) The consequence for breaking the law.