Online Google Dictionary

precedent 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Adjective
/ˈpresid(ə)nt/,
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precedents, plural;
  1. Preceding in time, order, or importance
    • - a precedent case
Noun
  1. An earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
    • - there are substantial precedents for using interactive media in training
    • - breaking with all precedent
  2. A previous case or legal decision that may be or (binding precedent) must be followed in subsequent similar cases
    • - the decision set a precedent for others to be sent to trial in the U.S

  1. preceding in time, order, or significance
  2. an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
  3. case law: (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions
  4. common law: a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws; "common law originated in the unwritten laws of England and was later applied in the United States"
  5. (precedented) having or supported or justified by a precedent
  6. (precedency) precedence: status established in order of importance or urgency; "...its precedence as the world's leading manufacturer of pharmaceuticals"; "national independence takes priority over class struggle"
  7. In common law legal systems, a precedent or authority is a legal case establishing a principle or rule that a court or other judicial body may utilize when deciding subsequent cases with similar issues or facts.
  8. (Precedence (solitaire)) Precedence (also known as Order of Precedence) is a solitaire card game which uses two decks of playing cards. It is a building game where the playing does not have to worry about a tableau or playing area. ...
  9. An act in the past which may be used as an example to help decide the outcome of similar instances in the future; A decided case which is cited or used as an example to justify a judgment in a subsequent case; The aforementioned (thing); The previous version; To provide precedents for; To be ...
  10. (precedents) Cells that are referred to by a formula.
  11. (precedents) with material set out ready for your use
  12. (Precedence) The order in which operations are performed when operators are used without explicit parentheses.
  13. (Precedence) The established system of priorities of trades in an exchange. For example, the highest bid and lowest offer have highest precedence; the first bid or first offer at a price has highest priority, and large orders have priority over smaller orders.
  14. (Precedence) When one task must be completed before another, the first is said to have precedence over the second.
  15. (11. Precedence) In the event that Insights enters into an agreement for the supply of products and services with a client and there is any conflict between the terms of that agreement and these standards terms of business, the terms of the agreement for the supply of products and services shall ...
  16. (PRECEDENCE) It is possible for a source node to match more than one template rule. The precedence rules of XSLT determine which one is acted up. See XSLT section 5.5. Not to be confused with import precedence, which determines the precedence of imported stylesheets. Not to be confused with PRIORITY
  17. (PRECEDENCE) The system often regulated by law, of placing flags, emblems or coats of arms for a display or ceremony in order of importance – for more details see ‘Appendix II’, ‘rules of etiquette’ and ‘position of honour’ (also ‘flag code’ and ‘flag law’).
  18. (Precedence) Sibley and Monroe (1990, 1993) is currently the default used by BirdLife for the recognition of species limits unless the species is treated by the additional sources, in which case the sources for albatrosses and petrels, and for Extinct species, usually take precedence over ...
  19. (Precedence) standard rule in most leagues (including NFL and NCFL), which requires the presiding officer to choose speakers who have spoken least (or not at all).
  20. (precedence) (JP 1-02) - 1. communications--A designation assigned to a message by the originator to indicate to communications personnel the relative order of handling and to the addressee the order in which the message is to be noted. 2. ...
  21. (precedence) An ordering of synchronization rules.
  22. (precedence) In product innovation, this term refers to the order of market entry. A product is first to market, second, and so on.
  23. (precedence) Judges are obliged to give reasons for their decisions in court. Subsequent cases of the same type may refer to those judgements because of the precedence that has been set.
  24. (precedence) Priority; the right to superior honor on a ceremonial or formal occasion; for ambassadors in a country, precedence is determined by the order in which they presented their credentials to the host government.
  25. (precedence) The rules of conduct that, in the absence of other guidance, determine what should happen first. For example, in the absence of parentheses, you always do multiplication before addition.