Online Google Dictionary

punish 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Verb
/ˈpəniSH/,
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punished, past tense; punished, past participle; punishing, present participle; punishes, 3rd person singular present;
  1. Inflict a penalty or sanction on (someone) as retribution for an offense, esp. a transgression of a legal or moral code
    • - I have done wrong and I'm being punished for it
  2. Inflict a penalty or sanction on someone for (such an offense)
    • - fraudulent acts would be punished by up to two years in prison
  3. Treat (someone) in an unfairly harsh way
    • - a rise in prescription charges would punish the poor
  4. Subject (someone or something) to severe and debilitating treatment


  1. impose a penalty on; inflict punishment on; "The students were penalized for showing up late for class"; "we had to punish the dog for soiling the floor again"
  2. (punished) subjected to a penalty (as pain or shame or restraint or loss) for an offense or fault or in order to coerce some behavior (as a confession or obedience)
  3. (punishing) arduous: characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort; "worked their arduous way up the mining valley"; "a grueling campaign"; "hard labor"; "heavy work"; "heavy going"; "spent many laborious hours on the project"; "set a punishing pace"
  4. (punishment) the act of punishing
  5. Punishment is the authoritative imposition of something negative or unpleasant on a person or animal in response to behavior deemed wrong by an individual or group. Inflicted unpleasantness without authority is not punishment, but is characterized as something else. ...
  6. (Punishment (psychology)) In operant conditioning, punishment is any change in a human or animal's surroundings that occurs after a given behavior or response which reduces the likelihood of that behavior occurring again in the future. ...
  7. (Punishment (school)) School punishment is a hierarchy of penalties used to punish infractions of rules in a school setting. There are wide variations in practice between schools in different cultures, countries or states, and between different types of school in the same country. ...
  8. (Punishment (TV series)) Punishment is an Australian television soap opera made by the Reg Grundy Organisation for the Ten Network in 1981.
  9. (The Punishment) "The Punishment" is the second single release from Tarot's fifth studio album For the Glory of Nothing.
  10. (The Punishment (film)) The Punishment is a 1912 short silent drama film directed by D. W. Griffith and starring Blanche Sweet.
  11. To cause to suffer for crime or misconduct, to administer disciplinary action; To cause great harm to. (a punishing blow); To dumb down severely or to the point of uselessness or near-uselessness
  12. (Punishing) Strong (e.g. Kerry Blue Terrier).
  13. (Punishment) the attempt to discourage undesirable behaviours through the application of negative consequences, or by withholding a positive consequence, following the undesirable behaviour.
  14. (Punishment) Decreases behavior. The two types of punishment commonly seen in animal training are positive punishment and negative punishment.
  15. (Punishment) Presentation of an aversive event or removal of a positive event following a response which decreases the frequency of that response.
  16. (Punishment) a behavior modification method, is a negative consequence that follows a behavior and that decreases the likelihood that the problem behavior will be repeated. Usually, punishment is used as a last resort to eliminate problem behaviors. ...
  17. (punishment) in operant conditioning, a process whereby a response is followed by a negative reinforcer, which results in a decrease in the probability of the response.
  18. (Punishment) 1) The justice that the guilty deal out to those who are caught. 2) A perpetual fine, imposed hourly during the lifetime of a human being for his temerity in living, and continued in Heaven or Hell for his temerity in dying. ...
  19. (punishment) The process of using a punisher to decrease response rate
  20. (PUNISHMENT) An ineffective disciplinary reaction to a parrot’s negative behavior. Like young childredn, parrots lack the comprehensive long-term sense of cause and effect required for punishment to successfully change negative behavior to positive behavior. ...
  21. (PUNISHMENT) A negative sanction imposed on the violator of a system of rules and imposed by an authorized agent of that system of rules. ...
  22. (PUNISHMENT) varies by type of crime. See Felony, Misdemeanor, and Infraction.
  23. (Punishment) A behavior change process in which a stimulus during or immediately following a response results in a decrease in the strength of that behavior across subsequent occasions. ...
  24. (Punishment) A process for weakening behavior that can take one of two forms. First, an aversive or noxious stimulus can be made contingent on the response to be weakened. Second, a positively reinforcing stimulus can be withheld or removed contingent on the response to be weakened. ...
  25. (Punishment) An act that occurs immediately after an undesirable behaviour it is meant to affect, and causes a decrease in the frequency of that behaviour. ...