Online Google Dictionary

shorten 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Verb
/ˈSHôrtn/,
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shortens, 3rd person singular present; shortened, past participle; shortening, present participle; shortened, past tense;
  1. Make or become shorter
    • - he shortened his stride
    • - around mid-September, days shorten and temperatures dip
  2. Reduce the amount of (sail) exposed to the wind

  3. (with reference to gambling odds) Make or become shorter; decrease
    • - the odds had shortened to 14-1
  4. Make (a vowel or syllable) short


  1. make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration; "He shortened his trip due to illness"
  2. abridge: reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The manuscript must be shortened"
  3. make short or shorter; "shorten the skirt"; "shorten the rope by a few inches"
  4. bowdlerize: edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate; "bowdlerize a novel"
  5. (shortened) sawed-off: cut short; "a sawed-off shotgun"; "a sawed-off broomstick"; "the shortened rope was easier to use"
  6. (shortened) abbreviated: cut short in duration; "the abbreviated speech"; "her shortened life was clearly the result of smoking"; "an unsatisfactory truncated conversation"
  7. telescoped: shortened by or as if by means of parts that slide one within another or are crushed one into another; "a miracle that anyone survived in the telescoped cars"; "years that seemed telescoped like time in a dream"
  8. Shorten (SHN) is a file format used for compressing audio data. It is a form of data compression of files and is used to losslessly compress CD-quality audio files (44.1 kHz 16-bit stereo PCM). ...
  9. Shortening is a semisolid fat used in food preparation, especially baked goods, and is so called because it promotes a "short" or crumbly texture (as in shortbread). Shortening is fat or lard from an animal or vegetable. ...
  10. (Shortened) This is where the odds of an event happening have decreased because bookies believe it is more likely to occur. For example the odds of Manchester United winning the league have shortened from 4/1 to 3/1.
  11. (Shortened) means the odds on an outcome have reduced. The new odds suggest that the outcome is now considered more likely to occur.
  12. (Shortening) 1) Any fat used in baking to tenderize the product by shortening gluten strands. (2) A white, tasteless, solid fat that has been formulated for baking or deep-frying.
  13. (Shortening) A blend of fats and/or oils used in baked products. If made from Halaal animals slaughtered in the Islamic way or from plant sources, it is Halaal. Otherwise it is Haraam. Currently, it is best to look for products using only vegetable shortening.
  14. (Shortening) A fat or oil base, in either liquid or solid form, that's derived from animal or vegetable products and typically has a high smoke point, but also adds flavor to baked goods.
  15. (Shortening) Any animal or vegetable fat-butter, margarine, lard or dripping.
  16. (Shortening) Any fat, liquid, or solid used in pastry, dough, or batter for making the resulting product flakier, richer, or more tender. In common use are hydrogenated shortenings like butter, lard, margarine, and the edible oils.
  17. (Shortening) Any kind of fat, animal fat, ghee*, butter, banaspati, oil.
  18. (Shortening) Fats used in the baking or frying of foods.   Shortenings impart "short" or tender qualities to baked goods.   Additives such as emulsifiers, antioxidants, anti-foaming agents, flavoring, etc may be present, depending on the intended use of the product.
  19. (Shortening) The amount of decrease in overall length that occurs when a blind threaded insert is installed.  It is typically slightly less than the free counterbore length minus two times the wall thickness. ...
  20. (Shortening) is a solid white fat made from hydrogenated vegetable oil. Sometimes known as Crisco, which is a brand name of shortening. Butter or margarine can be substituted for shortening but your end product will have a more buttery flavor. There is also a butter flavor Crisco
  21. (shortening) The process during which a body of rock or a region of crust becomes shorter.
  22. The shortening is the butter, margarine, or other fats used in pastry.  It is incorporated into the mixture so that it will constrict the development of gluten in cooking.
  23. The opposite of 'Lengthen'. Referred to odds getting shorter, that is, less attractive to the bettor.
  24. To reef a sail, or drop a sail. To reduce sail area on a boat.
  25. When the odds of a horse decrease, usually because a lot of money has been wagered on that horse. A shortener is a horse which opens at a specific price at the start of betting, and is at a lower price when betting closes.