Online Google Dictionary

surrogate 中文解釋 wordnet sense Collocation Usage
Noun
/ˈsərəgit/,/-ˌgāt/,
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surrogates, plural;
  1. A substitute, esp. a person deputizing for another in a specific role or office
    • - she was regarded as the surrogate for the governor during his final illness
  2. (in the Christian Church) A bishop's deputy who grants marriage licenses

  3. A judge in charge of probate, inheritance, and guardianship


  1. someone who takes the place of another person
  2. foster: providing or receiving nurture or parental care though not related by blood or legal ties; "foster parent"; "foster child"; "foster home"; "surrogate father"
  3. deputy: a person appointed to represent or act on behalf of others
  4. Surrogate (from Lat. surrogare, to substitute for), a deputy of a bishop or an ecclesiastical judge, acting in the absence of his principal and strictly bound by the authority of the latter.
  5. Surrogates is a 2009 science fiction film, based on the 2005–2006 comic book series of the same name. Directed by Jonathan Mostow, it stars Bruce Willis and Radha Mitchell. ...
  6. The Surrogate is a 1995 television movie drama directed by Jan Egleson and Raymond Hartung and aired on ABC. The movie had a limited VHS release in the United Kingdom in April 1996. It has also been released on video in Asia.
  7. "The Surrogate" is an episode of The Outer Limits television show. It first aired during the seventh season.
  8. The Surrogates is a five-issue comic book limited series written by Robert Venditti, drawn by Brett Weldele, and published by Top Shelf Productions from 2005 to 2006. In 2009 it was followed by a prequel graphic novel, The Surrogates: Flesh and Bone.
  9. (Surrogates (Angel comic)) Angel comic book refers to one of two series published by Dark Horse Comics during 2000–2002. Both of these series are based on the television series Angel, and were published while the television series was on air. ...
  10. A substitute (usually of a person, position or role); A person or animal that acts as a substitute for the social or pastoral role of another, such as a surrogate mother; A deputy for a bishop in granting licences for marriage; : A judicial officer of limited jurisdiction, who administers ...
  11. A woman who is inseminated either directly or through IVF with the sperm of a man who is not her partner for purposes of conceiving and carrying a child to be reared by the biological father and his wife.
  12. is a substitute to be used in place of a Document.  For filing purposes, this may take the form of an index card bearing a Bibliographic reference and the location of the document (for example, a numbered File, a specific office or department, or a named individual), or a Database record ...
  13. Literally, a deputy or substitute. In 18th and 19th Newfoundland, naval officers and others with temporary commissions as justices of the peace were known as surrogate magistrates, and their courts as surrogates courts.
  14. “A gateway co-located with an origin server, or at a different point in the network, delegated the authority to operate on behalf of, and typically working in close co-operation with, one or more origin servers. Responses are typically delivered from an internal cache. ...
  15. A copy of the information content of an original item in another medium, usually one which is more durable. See also: Reproduction and Facsimile.
  16. Something that serves as a substitute. In risk analysis, surrogates are often used when data on the item of interest (a chemical, an industry, an exposure, etc.) is lacking. As an example, underground mining of coal and hardrock minerals can be used as a surrogate for underground oil shale mining.
  17. A substitute or stand-in. A surrogate mother carries a fetus that was conceived by another female and then implanted in her uterus.
  18. A biologic marker evaluated in place of the actual marker of interest. For example, studying a marker for drug effect in blood instead of tumor. The relationship between the marker under study and the marker of interest needs to be established before using the term surrogate.
  19. A substitute who makes decisions for someone who is no longer capable of making decisions for him/herself. The surrogate may be appointed as guardian or conservator by a court or identified when the person is competent through a power of attorney process.
  20. (1) A unitig whose arrival rate statistic was beyond the expected range. Such unitigs are treated as collapsed repeats. Their consensus may get placed in one or more scaffolds. Some of their reads may get placed, by mates, late in the pipeline. ...
  21. the elected county official who oversees probate in the State of New Jersey.
  22. “A person who acts for or takes the place of another” [Oxford English Dictionary]. In reproductive medicine, a woman who has a baby on another woman’s behalf. See also gestational surrogacy, traditional surrogacy, and collaborative reproduction.
  23. A women who becomes intentionally pregnant agrees prior to conception to permanently surrender the child to another person or couple who will be the child's parent or parents.
  24. When a women falls pregnant after being inseminated by sperm from the partner of a woman who is infertile.
  25. means any competent adult expressly designated by a principal to make health care decisions on behalf of the principal upon the principal's incapacity.